General and Inorganic Chemistry for Biologists (AFC / OACB)

Course objectives:
The lecture is addressed to students of biological and geological disciplines. It builds on secondary education knowledge of chemistry in order to extend some basic knowledge of general and inorganic chemistry with emphasis on the multidisciplinary specialty.
Requirements on student
The oral examination within the range of lectured and specified theme.
” introduction into the study of general chemistry (subject of chemistry, basic chemical conceptions and laws) ” the structure of the atom (atomic nucleus, elementary particles of matter, radioactivity, nuclear reactions, electromagnetic spectrum, models of the atom, electronic structure of atoms, quantum numbers, electron configurations of atoms and ions, the periodic table, historical development, periodic law of elements, periodic properties – ionization energy, electron affinity, electronegativity) ” the chemical structure and properties of compounds (definition of chemical bond, covalent and ionic bond, coordinate covalent bond, metallic bond, electron-sea model of metals, intermolecular interactions, Van der Waals forces and hydrogen bonds) ” the nomenclature of inorganic compounds (formulas and names of compounds in general, oxidation number, common oxidation states of elements in the compounds) ” the nomenclature of coordination compounds (ligands, coordination number, coordination geometry, properties of coordination compounds) ” Lewis formula and stereochemistry of molecules nontransition elements (hybridization, the VSEPR model, molecular orbital theory) ” the state of matter (phase equilibrium, phase changes and diagrams) ” chemical reactions (classification of chemical reactions, chemical equations, oxidation-reduction reactions, acid-base reactions, chemical kinetics, activation energy, effects on the rate of a reaction, thermochemistry, entropy, Gibbs free energy, catalysis) ” chemical equilibrium (Guldberg – Waage law, Le Chatelier and Braun principle, equilibrium constant) ” solutions (solvents, acids, bases, pH, buffer solutions, osmosis, osmotic pressure, Raoult`s law, ebullioscopy, cryoscopy, electrolysis, galvanic cell) ” characteristics of some elements and their compounds (metals, non-metals, electrochemical series, production of important metals, the nontransition metals – bonding possibilities, group trends, diagonal relationship; hydrogen, oxygen, ozone, water, hydrogen peroxide; sulphur, nitrogen, phosphorus, carbon, silicon and their compounds; the halogens and the noble gases; the alkali metals and the alkaline earth metals; the transition metals – bonding possibilities, trends in groups and periods; geochemistry and abundance of elements in nature) ” some biological systems (metalloporphyrins and related systems – hemoglobin, chlorophyll, vitamin B12)
Guarantors and lecturers
  • Basic: F. Březina, R. Pastorek. Koordinační chemie. UP, Olomouc, 1991.
  • Basic: J. Klikorka, B. Hájek, J. Votinský:. Obecná a anorganická chemie. SNTL/ALFA, Praha, 1985.
  • Basic: J. Kameníček, Z. Šindelář, M. Klečková. Příklady a úlohy z obecné a anorganické chemie. VUP, Olomouc, 2007.
  • Basic: J. Gažo a kolektív. Všeobecná a anorganická chémia. Alfa, Bratislava, 1981.
  • Recommended: F. A. Cotton et al. Advanced Inorganic Chemistry. John Wiley Sons, Inc., New York, 1999.
  • Recommended: J. Rosický. Anorganická chemie pro biology. UK, Praha, 1988.
  • Recommended: L. Mráz. Chemie pro geology. UK, Praha.
  • Recommended: N. N. Greenwood, A. Earnshaw. Chemie prvků I, II. Informatorium, Praha, 1993.
  • Recommended: N. T. Porile. Modern University Chemistry. McGraw-Hill, Inc., New York, 1993.
  • Recommended: J. Vacík a kolektiv. Přehled středoškolské chemie. SPN, Praha, 1993.
  • On-line library catalogues
Prerequisites – other information about course preconditions
The knowledge of general and inorganic chemistry at secondary school level.
Competences acquired
Recall basic chemical conceptions and laws of general chemistry. Describe properties of elements and their inorganic compounds with emphasis on synthesis, bonding possibilities, structure, reactions, occurrence in nature and application in practice.
Teaching methods
  • Lecture
Assessment methods
  • Oral exam